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Ѻا : 7/03/2018
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  Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement, investor
  20 Ҥ 2554 ǹŴ͡éѺ

Four formal rounds of Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA) negotiations took place in 2010. They involved over 200 officials from Australia, the United States, New Zealand, Chile, Singapore, Brunei, Peru, Vietnam and Malaysia.
Future negotiations officially are set to include three issues with public health and medicines policy implications for Australia and our region:
- ways to approach regulatory coherence and transparency;
- how to benefit multinational and smallmedium enterprises; and
- multilateral investorstate dispute settlement.
US-based multinational pharmaceutical companies are lobbying for TPPA provisions like those in the AustraliaUS Free Trade Agreement, which reduce government costeffectiveness regulatory control of pharmaceuticals, threatening equitable access to medicines.
They also advocate increased TPPA intellectual monopoly privilege protection, which will further limit the development of Australian generic medicine enterprises and restrict patient access to cheap, bioequivalent prescription drugs.
Of particular concern is that proposed TPPA multilateral investorstate dispute settlement procedures would allow US corporations (as well as those of other TPPA nations) to obtain damages against Australian governments through international arbitral proceedings if their investments are impeded by Australian public health and environment protection legislation.

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